“Pfizer has begun testing its COVID-19 vaccine in kids underneath 12,” writes Apoorva Mandavilli at The New York Instances (Pfizer’s vaccine is already approved within the U.S. for youngsters ages 16-18). And Moderna is also beginning its COVID-19 vaccine research in kids underneath 12, the story states. “Each corporations have been testing their vaccines in kids 12 and older, and anticipate these ends in the subsequent few weeks,” Mandavilli reviews. With kids underneath 18 making up practically 1 / 4 of the U.S. inhabitants, vaccinating them might show essential to producing sufficient immunity to the whole nation’s inhabitants to forestall the unfold of SARS-CoV-2 (aka herd immunity), based on a U.S. Nationwide Institutes of Well being infectious ailments doctor quoted within the 3/25/21 story.
At STAT, Matthew Herper’s coverage of the Pfizer research of its COVID-19 vaccine in kids as younger as 6 months outdated suggests a state of affairs during which kids ages 12 to fifteen might be vaccinated towards COVID-19 by this fall, when college resumes after summer season trip within the U.S. It’ll depend upon how research knowledge end up in addition to if and when the U.S. Meals and Drug Administration authorizes a COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use on this age group. For youthful kids, any authorization most likely wouldn’t come till early subsequent yr, the story states. Within the Pfizer assessments with kids ages 6 months to 12 years outdated, the researchers would possibly give attention to antibody ranges as an indicator of safety reasonably than on illness signs, Herper reviews (3/25/21).
A research of 100 sufferers with “lengthy COVID” in 21 U.S. states has revealed that 85 p.c of those individuals skilled 4 or extra neurological points months after their preliminary infections, reports Pam Belluck at The New York Instances (3/23/21). Reported signs embody complications (68 p.c), tingling (60 p.c), muscle ache (55 p.c), troubles with the sense of scent (55 p.c), mind fog (81 p.c), dizziness, blurred imaginative and prescient, and ringing ears, based on the story and the study, revealed 3/23/21 in The Annals of Medical and Translational Neurology. Not one of the research contributors was ever sick sufficient from COVID-19 to be hospitalized, the story states (that is typical of most individuals contaminated with SARS-CoV-2, the research states). The findings underscore “the rising understanding that for many individuals, lengthy Covid could be worse than their preliminary bouts with the an infection,” writes Belluck. In one other study posted on-line this month however not but evaluated by outdoors specialists, a 3rd of individuals with lengthy Covid signs felt fantastic within the first 10 days after testing constructive for SARS-CoV-2, the story states. A doctor on the College of Texas Southwestern Medical Heart says the signs might be attributable to an inflammatory response to the virus that may have an effect on the mind and the physique.
It’s potential for a COVID-19 vaccinated particular person to be contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 even after the 2 or so weeks it takes for sturdy safety to kick in, Katherine J. Wu writes on the Atlantic (3/19/21), however these instances are a “vanishingly small proportion” of all individuals who have been vaccinated. As she explains, “the objective of vaccination isn’t eradication, however a détente during which people and viruses coexist, with the chance of illness at a tolerable low.” Every particular person’s immune response to vaccination can differ considerably in its power. Consider your COVID-19 vaccination as a “layer of safety, like an umbrella, that may guard higher in some conditions than others,” Wu writes, drawing on the insights of a virologist on the Icahn Faculty of Drugs at Mount Sinai, in New York. In lots of conditions, “vaccines are nonetheless finest paired with safeguards resembling masks and distancing — simply as rain boots and jackets would assist buffer somebody in a storm,” the story states.
Within the first two months of COVID-19 vaccine roll-outs, SARS-CoV-2 infections fell quickly amongst U.S. nursing house employees and nursing house residents, in addition to amongst employees at some hospitals in England and Israel, based on knowledge and analysis lined by Melissa Bailey and Shoshana Dubnow at Kaiser Well being Information (3/15/21). That stated, COVID-19 vaccines will not be obligatory in most U.S. nursing houses, Bailey and Dubnow report. And a few nursing house employees don’t but belief the vaccines, the story suggests. A mixture of vaccines and “efficient an infection prevention and management applications/practices” have led to the drop in infections at such U.S. amenities, based on a U.S. Facilities for Illness Management spokesperson quoted within the piece. A Johns Hopkins College infectious ailments specialist who advises nursing houses on COVID-19 responses emphasizes the position of hard-won immunity amongst SARS-CoV-2-infection survivors in long-term care amenities, in addition to the position of vaccines. “Having even one or two vaccinated individuals in a constructing can sluggish transmission,” the specialist is described as stating.
On 3/10/21, the U.S. Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Providers issued guidelines for nursing-home visitors permitting indoor visits no matter vaccination standing, with some exceptions.
Some helpful double-masking suggestions could be present in this 3/17/21 guide by Tara Parker-Pope and Dani Blum at The New York Instances, particularly: 1) Put on a material masks over a surgical masks reasonably than sporting two surgical masks to reduce side-gaps; and a couple of) there’s no have to double-mask if you happen to’re sporting an N95 or KN95.
James Hamblin’s newest piece for The Atlantic (3/11/21) focuses on the uncertainties that stay relating to the way forward for the COVID-19 pandemic. He writes: “At the moment, the specialists I belief most are those that appear to have grown much less sure over the course of the pandemic, and have realized the humility it ought to power upon us all.” Marc Lipsitch, a Harvard Faculty of Public Well being epidemiologist who precisely forecast final yr that SARS-CoV-2 would infect 40 to 70 p.c of the U.S. (we’re at present round 40 p.c the story states), stated final July that he’s “out of the enterprise” of prediction, writes Hamblin, an MD and lecturers on the Yale Faculty of Public Well being. The pandemic will finish with a whimper, not a roar, the piece suggests.
You would possibly get pleasure from this 3/22/21 “Late Night with Seth Myers” sketch.